What's in the History of Middle-earth?

A detailed list of the contents of the 12 HoMe-volumes and Unfinished Tales

By Ninni M. Pettersson



I started compiling this list a couple of years ago, because I had such a dreadful time trying to find things in the History of Middle-earth volumes. The tables of contents in the different volumes are often of no help when one, for example, is looking for poetry written in Elvish. I hope that others too will find this "expanded content-listing" a useful tool when exploring the riches offered us in the History of Middle-earth.
I also wanted a quick way of knowing when something had been written. Extracting that information was often difficult and I wish to thank John Garth and David Bratman for providing needful correlation in some problematical cases.
It is only by the constant encouragement from the other members of the Mellonath Daeron that I have at last finished this task and I wish to extend a heartfelt Hantale! to them all.

Below are a detailed list of all the texts ordered by volume. I have also compiled a list with the texts ordered by chronology: The HoMe-texts in chronological order, and one with the texts ordered according to content: The HoMe-texts arranged according to content. These lists are only intended as a complement to the main one, and so contain only the barest minimum of information.

The Book of Lost Tales 1

The Book of Lost Tales Part I
The beginning of it all. Tales included are 'The Cottage of Lost Play', The Music of the Ainur', 'The Coming of the Valar and the Building of Valinor', 'The Chaining of Melko', 'The Coming of the Elves and the Making of Kôr', 'The Theft of Melko and the Darkening of Valinor', 'The Flight of the Noldoli', 'The Tale of the Sun and Moon', 'The Hiding of Valinor' and 'Gilfanon's Tale: The Travail of the Noldoli and the Coming of Mankind'.
Poems included are 'You & Me', 'Kortirion', 'Habannan', 'Tinfang Warble', 'Over Old Hills', 'Kôr', 'A Song of Aryador' and 'Why the Man in the Moon came down too soon' (some in different versions).
Maps included are "The earliest map" and "The World Ship".
Written: c. 1916 - 1918, poems both earlier and later

Appendix - Names in the Lost Tales Part I
Taken from the first "lexicons" of the Elvish languages and includes word in "Qenya" and "Goldogrin or Gnomish".
Etymologically-connected words are given under an important name that contains one of them.
The complete Goldogrin and Qenya Lexicons has been published in nos. 11 and 12 of the journal Parma Eldalamberon.
Written: First layer c. 1915, second uncertain but belong to the period of the Lost Tales

The Book of Lost Tales 2

The Book of Lost Tales Part II
The beginning of it all. Tales included are 'The Tale of Tinúviel', 'Turambar and the Foalókë', 'The Fall of Gondolin', 'The Nauglafring', 'The Tale of Eärendel' and 'The History of Eriol or Ælfwine and the End of the Tales'.
Poems included are 'Éalá Éarendel Engla Beorhtast', 'The Bidding of the Minstrel', 'The Shores of Faëry', 'The Happy Mariners', 'The Town of Dreams and the City of Present Sorrow' and 'The Song of Eriol'.
Written: c. 1916 - 1920, poems both earlier and later

Appendix - Names in the Lost Tales Part II
Taken from the first "lexicons" of the Elvish languages and includes word in "Qenya" and "Goldogrin or Gnomish". Also includes word from 'The Namelist to the Fall of Gondolin'.
Etymologically-connected words are given under an important name that contains one of them.
The complete Goldogrin and Qenya Lexicons has been published in nos. 11 and 12 of the journal Parma Eldalamberon.
Written: First layer c. 1915, second uncertain but belong to the period of the Lost Tales

The Lays of Beleriand

The Lay of the Children of Húrin
The story of Húrin and his children in alliterative verse. Never gets further than Turin's arrival in Nargothrond.
Written: c. 1920 - 1925

Poems early abandoned
Very brief poems (usually only the openings). Included are 'The Flight of the Noldoli', a fragment of an alliterative 'Lay of Eärendel' and 'The Lay of the Fall of Gondolin'.
Written: c. 1920 - 1925

The Lay of Leithian
The story of Beren and Lúthien in octosyllabic couplets. Ends with Carcharoth engulfing Beren's hand and the Silmaril.
Also included is C S Lewis commentary from 1929.
Written: 1925 - 1931

The Lay of Leithian recommenced
Rewriting of the earlier Lay of Leithian, in part extensive. Ends at the same place as the older version.
Written: 1949 or 1950, some revisions after 1955

The Shaping of Middle-earth

Prose fragments following the Lost Tales
Three brief texts concerning Tuor and Gondolin and the Noldor's departure from Aman and arrival in Middle-earth.
Written: Probably around 1920

The Earliest 'Silmarillion' (The 'Sketch of the Mythology')
A brief and very condenced synopsis of the mythology written to accompany 'The Lay of the Children of Húrin', but revised later.
Written: c. 1926, revised c. 1926 - 1930

The Quenta [Noldorinwa]
A reworking and expansion of 'The Sketch'.
Poem included is 'The Horns of Ylmir'.
Also included is 'Ælfwine's translation of the Quenta into Old English'.
Written: c. 1930

The First 'Silmarillion' Map
The working map for several years. Was much handled and altered.
Includes alphabetically-ordered comments on the names on the map.
Written: c. 1926, heavily altered during several years

The Ambarkanta
A short treatise on the shape of the world with associated maps.
Written: The middle 1930s

The Earliest Annals of Valinor
Annals of events in Valinor and elsewhere from the beginning of things until the coming of the Noldor to Middle-earth.
Also included is 'Ælfwine's translations of the Annals of Valinor into Old English'.
Written: The early 1930s

The Earliest Annals of Beleriand
Annals of events in Beleriand from the creation of the Sun and Moon until the Great Battle against Morgoth. A revision included ends at the coming of Men into Beleriand.
Also included is 'Ælfwine's translation of the Annals of Beleriand into Old English'.
Written: The early1930s

The Lost Road and Other Writings

The Fall of Númenor
The beginning of the tale of Númenor in different versions.
Written: 1936, second version after 1937

The Lost Road
A planned "time-travel" novel with chapters about Númenor and also about such things as Scyld and Ælfwine. Fragmentary and never finished.
Poems included are 'Ilu Ilúvatar' in Elvish, 'King Sheave', 'The Nameless Land' and 'The Song of Ælfwine'.
Various text-fragments in Elvish and Old English are also included.
Written: 1936 - 1937

The Later Annals of Valinor
Annals of events in Valinor and elsewhere from the beginning of things until the first rising of the Sun. Not changed very much from 'The Earlier Annals'.
Written: The middle/later 1930s

The Later Annals of Beleriand
Annals of events in Beleriand until the Great Battle and the destruction of Beleriand. Much fuller and more "finished" than 'The Earlier Annals'.
Written: The middle/later 1930s

The cosmogonical myth. Follows the Lost Tales fairly closely but is at every point rephrased.
Written: The middle/later 1930s

The Lhammas
An account of the Elvish tongues (and a few others) and their interrelations.
Written: The middle/later 1930s

Quenta Silmarillion
Ends with Turin's outlawry, but does include the end from Eärendels arrival in Valinor to the Great Battle. After this was written the "History of the Elder Days" was laid aside for many years.
Written: The later 1930s, last revisions Dec 1937 - Jan 1938

The Etymologies
An etymological dictionary of Elvish word-relationships with primary "stems" arranged alphabetically. Reflects the linguistic situation in Beleriand envisaged by 'The Lhammas'.
Written: The later 1930s, last larger revisions c. 1938

The Genealogies
Belongs essentially with the earliest 'Annals of Beleriand' but was presumed lost. In origin "genealogical tables of the Elvish princes, of the three houses of the Fathers of Men, and of the houses of the Eastern men" and "a table of the divisions of the Qendi", but this short text only mentions details not found elsewhere.
Written: The early 1930s

The List of Names
Started out as "an alphabetic list, with definitions, of all the names...concerned with the legends of the Elder Days", but in fact contains mostly names from the 'Annals of Beleriand' and the 'Genealogies'. This text is only a small selection of particularly interesting entries or part of entries.
Written: The 1930s

The Second 'Silmarillion' Map
The last map made of the lands west of the Blue Mountains, it became covered with alterations during many years and was the basis of the map in the published 'Silmarillion'. Reproduced here is the map "as it was originally drawn and lettered".
Written: The early 1930s, much altered later

The Return of the Shadow

The First Phase
The beginning of 'The Lord of the Rings'. Starts with 'A Long-expected Party' and ends 'At Rivendell'.
Poems included are 'The Road goes ever on', 'Upon the hearth', 'Snow-white', 'Ho! Ho! Ho!', 'O Water warm', 'The Root of the Boot', 'The Cat and the Fiddle' and 'The leaves were long'.
Some sketch-maps of the Road between Weathertop and Rivendell are also included.
Written: Dec 1937 - early autumn 1938

The Second Phase
Rewriting from 'A Long-expected Party' to 'Tom Bombadil'.
Poems included are ' The Road goes ever on', 'The Ring Verses' and 'Farewell! farewell'.
Written: Autumn 1938

The Third Phase
First appearance of 'Concering Hobbits', then goes on from 'A Long-expected Party' to the feast in Rivendell. Bingo has finally become Frodo.
'New Uncertainties and New Projections' cointains proposed plot-outlines, questions and diverse text-fragments.
A plan of Bree is also included.
Written: Winter 1938/39 and autumn 1939

The Story Continued
Starts 'In the House of Elrond' and goes on to 'The Mines of Moria'.
Poem included is 'Elbereth Gilthoniel' in Elvish.
The earliest map of the lands to the south is also included.
Written: Late 1939

The Treason of Isengard

The Treason of Isengard
Starts with the extensive rewriting of Book I, then goes on with Book II and III as far as ' The King of the Golden Hall'.
Poems included are 'All that is gold', 'A troll sat alone', 'Errantry' and 'Eärendillinwë' (in different versions), 'The world was young', 'Nimlothel', 'Namarië' in Elvish, 'The Song of the Ent and the Entwife' and 'Elfstone, Elfstone'.
Also includes 'The first map' in different versions, a sketch of the Gate of Minas Morgul, the earliest drawing of the inscription and signs on the West Gate of Moria and a sketch-plan of the camping-place beneath Amon Hen.
Written: Late 1939 - 1942

Appendix on Runes
Includes 'The Elvish Alphabets', 'The Alphabet of Dairon' and five plates with 'Runes of Beleriand', 'Dwarf-runes for writing English' and the earliest inscriptions on Balin's tomb and 'The Book of Moria'.
Written: The later 1930s

The War of the Ring

The Fall of Saruman
Includes the last chapters of Book III from 'Helm's Deep' to 'The Palantír'.
Written: 1942

The Ring Goes East
Frodo's and Sam's journey (Book IV) from 'The Taming of Smeagol' to 'Kirith Ungol'.
Includes a map of Frodo's journey to the Morannon, a map of Minas Morghul and the Cross-roads, several sketches of Kirith Ungol and a plan of Shelob's Lair.
Written: 1944

Minas Tirith
The whole of Book V from 'Minas Tirith' to 'The Black Gate Opens'.
Poems included are 'The days are numbered', 'When the land is dark' and 'We heard in the hills' Sketches of Dunharrow, Minas Tirith, Starkhorn, Dwimorberg and Irensaga and maps of Harrowdale, the White Mountains and South Gondor, Minas Tirith and Mindolluin and 'The Second Map' are also included.
Written: Late 1944 - 1946

Sauron Defeated

The End of the Third Age
From 'The Tower of Kirith Ungol' to 'The Grey Havens'.
Included are the non-published Epilogue in different versions together with 'The King's Letter' in Elvish and written in Tengwar.
Poem included is 'I sit upon the stones'.
Sketches of the Tower of Kirith Ungol, Mt Doom, Orthanc and Dunharrow are included.
Written: Late 1946 - 1948

The Notion Club Papers
The beginning of another "time-travel story" that was never finished.
Poems included are some "Ælfwine-poems" (some in Old English) and 'The Death of St Brendan' and 'Imram'.
Includes a discussion of "Avallonian" and "Adunaic", together with text-fragments in these languages and also some texts in Old English.
'Lowdham's manuscript' in Tengwar (with notes) is also included.
Written: Late 1945 - 1946

The Drowning of Anadûnê
Includes the third version of 'The Fall of Númenor', 'The Drowning of Anadûnê' in different versions and several early texts concerning Men and the fate of Númenor.
'Lowdham's Report on the Adunaic Language' is also included.
Written: c. 1945 - 1946

Morgoth's Ring

Ainulindalë II
Extensive rewritings of the cosmogonical myth with both "Flat Earth" and "Round Earth" versions.
Written: Round Earth version c. 1946, the rest after 1948

The Annals of Aman
Annals of events from the beginning of the World to the hiding of Valinor. Often more a narrative than annalistic. A divergent text that ends before the coming of the Elves is also included.
Also includes 'The Oath of Feanor' as an alliterative poem.
Written: c. 1950 - 1951 with some later emendations

The Later Quenta Silmarillion
The "Valinorian" part of the Quenta (until the hiding of Valinor) in two different "phases". In the 'Second Phase' the 'Valaquenta' emerges and Finwë's second marriage becomes important.
Includes 'Laws and Customs among the Eldar' and 'The Statute of Finwë and Míriel and the debate of the Valar' in different versions.
Written: The First Phase c. 1951, the Second c. 1958

Athrabeth Finrod ah Andreth
A dialog between the mortal woman Andreth and Findrod Felagund concerning death and the different fates of the Children of Eru and the marring of Men.
The Commentary to the work includes many interesting comments on the natures of Elves and Men and also a short narrative that tells of the Fall of Men.
In an appendix is included 'The Converse of Manwe and Eru' together with a recount of later conceptions of Elvish reincarnation.
Written: c. 1959

Myths Transformed
Late writings broadly concerned with the reinterpretation of central elements in the "legendarium". Discusses such things as the shape of the World and the creation of the Sun and Moon, the natures of Melkor and Sauron, the motives of the Valar, the nature and origin of Orcs and the real nature of Aman.
Written: The late 1950s

The War of the Jewels

The Grey Annals
Annals of the events in Beleriand from the awakening of the Elves to the deaths of Túrin and Nienor. Becomes progressively more of a narrative than strictly annalistic.
Written: c. 1950 - 1951

The Later Quenta Silmarillion II
The "Beleriandic" part of the Quenta from the awakening of Men. Introduces very few changes and is thus not presented as a full text but only recounts the changes made at this time.
Written: c. 1951

The Wanderings of Húrin and other writings
'The Wanderings of Húrin' includes various text-fragments and a longer narrative about Húrin's arrival in Brethil.
'Æfwine and Dírhaval' is the "introductory note" to the 'Narn i Chin Húrin' (refered to in 'Unfinished Tales').
'Maeglin' recounts the changes made to the story of Maeglin and his coming to Gondolin, some as late as c. 1970.
In 'Of the Ents and the Eagles' the later additions to the chapter of Aulë and Yavanna are discussed.
'The Tale of Years' recounts the history of this text and its later developement.
A note on the chapter 'Of the Ruin of Doriath' in the published Silmarillion is also included.
Written: During the 1950s with later emendations

Quendi and Eldar
A linguistical essay on the "Origin and Meanings of the Elvish words referring to Elves and their varieties. With Appendices on their names for other Incarnates." Includes a 'Note on the 'Language of the Valar'' but excludes a long account of the phonological theories of earlier Loremasters.
The account of the phonological theories and another accompanying text, 'Ósanwe-kenta', has been published in no. 39 of the journal Vinyar Tengwar.
In an appendix one legend of the Awakening of the Quendi is retold.
Written: 1959 - 1960

The Peoples of Middle-earth

The Prologue
The evolution of the prologue to "The Lord of the Rings". Only parts of the variant texts are given.
Written: 1948 - before July 1950

The Appendix on Language
Included are a text containing much information on languages which was originally intended as a kind of preface to "The Lord of the Rings", the essay 'Languages at the end of the Third Age' which includes a great deal of Westron material later excluded and finaly several extracts from later versions of what would ultimately became the much reduced text of Appendix F.
Written: Probably 1948 and 1950 - 1955

The Family Trees
An account of the evolution of the genealogical tables in Appendix C, with the addition of the family trees of the Bolgers and the Boffins which were rejected from the final version.
Written: Late 1939 - 1955

The Calendars
Contains the earliest versions of Appendix D.
Also includes earlier versions of the Quenya and Sindarin names for seasons and months.
Written: c. 1949 - 1950

The History of the Akallabêth
Details the differences in the first version of the text compared to the one published in "The Silmarillion". Gives no complete text, only extracts.
Written: c. 1949 - 1950, published version probably 1958

The Tale of Years of the Second Age
Details the development of the history of the Second Age.
Also included is the original text of the story of Númenor given in Appendix A.
Written: During the early 1950s

The Heirs of Elendil
The primary document of the history and chronology of the Realms in Exile. Primarily a dynastic record with short histories of the different kings and stewards.
Also included is a genealogy of the House of Dol Amroth with notes on its origin.
Written: c. 1949 - 1950

The Tale of Years of the Third Age
The original annals of the Third Age, at times more a narrative than strictly annalistic.
Written: c. 1949 - 1950

The Making of Appendix A
Details the writing history of the different texts included in Appendix A.
Also discusses the revisions made in the 1966 edition.
Written: During the early 1950s, some revisions in 1965

Of Dwarves and Men
A long essay concerning the history and interrelationship of Dwarves and Men and their languages. Gives much new information about the different kindreds of the Dwarves and of the migrations and settlements of Men.
Written: Probably c. 1969

The Shibboleth of Fëanor
An essay concerning the change in pronounciation in Quenya and its political ramifications, together with a lengthy excursus on the names of Finwë's descendants. The latter contains much new information about the Noldorin nobles and their interrelationships.
Written: Probably c. 1968

The Problem of Ros
A short text discussing the problematical element -ros. Goes into the complex relations between the various languages in Beleriand at the end of the First Age.
Written: Probably c. 1968

Last Writings
'Glorfindel' includes two texts and some brief fragments that discusses Glorfindel's death, re-imbodiment and return to Middle-earth and also gives some thoughts on the fate of the Dwarves.
'The Five Wizards' consists of two very brief notes that give further and in some ways conflicting information, about the Istari.
'Círdan' is a brief story of his early life, introducing much new information.
Written: c. 1972 - 73

Dangweth Pengoloþ
An essay concerning the why and wherefore of the changing and sundering of the Elvish tongues.
Written: Probably in the early half of the 1950s

Of Lembas
A short essay concerning the making of lembas.
Written: Probably in the early half of the 1950s

The New Shadow
The first chapter of a tale set in the Fourth Age.
Written: During the 1950s and around 1968

The first chapter of a tale that sees the Númenóreans from the point of view of the Wild Men.
Written: c. 1955

Unfinished Tales

Of Tuor and his coming to Gondolin
A very detailed version of the story of Tuor that ends with his first sight of Gondolin from the Last Gate.
Written: c. 1951

Narn i Hîn Húrin
'The Tale of the Children of Húrin' is in places very detailed and in others only outlines and fragments.
A small sketch map of the Crossings of Teiglin and Nen Girith is included.
Written: During the 1950s

A Description of the Island of Númenor
A short treatise on the geography and flora of Númenor and of the lives of its people.
Contains several tree-names in Elvish.
A map of the island is also included.
Written: Probably c. 1960

Aldarion and Erendis
'The Tale of the Mariner's Wife', the only story from Númenor. Mostly only different plot-outlines and fragments and is therefore in parts rewritten by the editor.
Written: Probably c. 1960

The Line of Elros: Kings of Númenor
A dynastic record, with short outlines of the history of the different kings. Introduces some chronological puzzles, but also clarifies apparent errors in "The Lord of the Rings".
Written: No date given, perhaps during the 1960s?

The History of Galadriel and Celeborn
Contains different writings concerning the Second Age in Middle-earth. Some of the writings are taken from late philological essays, others from longer narratives.
Also includes serveral interesting appendices, mainly of a philological nature.
Written: Mostly late writings from the late 1960s and early 1970s

The Disaster of the Gladden Fields
A version of the tale of the death of Isildur, together with 'The sources of the legend of Isildur's death' and some information about Númenórean linear measures.
Written: Probably c. 1969

Cirion and Eorl
Fragments probably intended to form parts of a more substantial history of Gondor and Rohan. Very disordered and full of variants.
Includes Cirion's Oath in Elvish.
Written: Probably c. 1969

The Quest of Erebor
Gandalf's account of the quest of Erebor. Originally intended to be a part of Appendix A in "The Lord of the Rings". Extracts from earlier versions are included.
Written: During the early 1950s

The Hunt for the Ring
Various text concering events during the year 3018 and related matters.
Written: c. 1954 - 1955

The Battles of the Fords of Isen
A narrative concering the battle, together with an account of the military organisation of Rohan and a short history of Isengard.
Written: Probably c. 1969

The Drúedain
An account of the Drúedain in Beleriand in the First Age together with the narrative 'The Faithful Stone' drawn from a late essay concering the interrelationships of the languages of Middle-earth.
Also included is a short text about the Púkel-men from a late essay concerning river-names.
Written: The late 1960s and early 1970s

The Istari
Contains an essay on the Istari that were to have been included in the index to "The Lord of the Rings", together with various late texts concerning the Istari in general and Gandalf in particular.
An alliterative poem about the Istari is included as is a short etymological note on olo-s.
Written: Essay c 1954, the rest during the late 1960s and early 1970s

The Palantíri
Contains some writings on the Palantíri associated with the emendations to the second edition of "The Lord of the Rings".
Written: c. 1965